Publications related to the FAIR Digital Object concept.


Wittenburg, P., 2021. Open science and data science. Data Intelligence, pp.1-11. DOI


De Smedt, K., Koureas, D. and Wittenburg, P., 2020. FAIR digital objects for science: from data pieces to actionable knowledge units. Publications, 8(2), p.21. DOI

Islam, S., Hardisty, A., Addink, W., Weiland, C. and Glöckler, F., 2020. Incorporating RDA Outputs in the Design of a European Research Infrastructure for Natural Science Collections. Data Science Journal, 19(1). DOI

Islam, S., 2020. FAIR Digital Object and DiSSCo Research Infrastructure Design (video presentation). DOI

National Institute of Standards and Technology, United States Department of Commerce. August 2020. Facilitating the Adoption of the FAIR Digital Object Framework in Material Science. URL

Schwardmann, U., 2020. Digital Objects–FAIR Digital Objects: Which Services Are Required?. Data Science Journal, 19(1). DOI


Strawn, G., 2019, July. Open Science, Business Analytics, and FAIR Digital Objects. In 2019 IEEE 43rd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC) (Vol. 2, pp. 658-663). IEEE. DOI

Wittenburg, P, et al. 2019. Digital objects as drivers towards convergence in data infrastructures. Technical paper. DOI

Wittenburg, P., 2019. Large Research Infrastructure Building using FAIR Digital Objects. Autumn 2019 euroCRIS Strategic Membership Meeting. DOI


Schultes, E. and Wittenburg, P., 2018, October. FAIR Principles and Digital Objects: Accelerating convergence on a data infrastructure. In International Conference on Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains (pp. 3-16). Springer, Cham. DOI


Sharp, C. 2016. Overview of the digital object architecture (DOA). An Internet Society Information Paper, Internet Society. URL


Kahn, R and Wilensky, R, 2006. A framework for distributed digital object services. International Journal on Digital Libraries, 6(2): 115–123. DOI